When it comes to adding spice to Southeast Asian cuisine, bird's eye chile peppers are the perfect choice. These small but potent peppers pack a real punch, and can be used raw, dried, or cooked. Whether you're looking to add some heat to your dish, or create a fiery sauce, bird's eye chiles are the perfect ingredient. So next time you're in the mood for something spicy, reach for the bird's eye chiles and give your dish a little extra kick.
What are bird’s eye chilli?
Bird's-eye chiles are red peppers that are small, thin, and pointy. They are green when they are not ready to eat, but you can still eat them. When they are ready, they can be orange or purple. In Thai food, green peppers are often used in green curries, while red peppers that are more mature and hotter are used in red curries. When they are fresh, they often still have a stem and have loose, spicy seeds that you can eat. The peppers are cheap because they don't weigh much, and you can use them whole, cut up, or remove the seeds and dice them.
How to use bird’s eye chilli in cooking?
Bird's eye chile peppers are used a lot in the cooking of Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, and Indonesia. Salads, stir-fries, curries, sauces, sambals, soups, and marinades all use fresh or dried chiles. The stems are cut off, and the chiles can be left whole, sliced, diced, chopped, or pureed. The seeds are especially hot, but you can take them out if you want less heat.
If you wear contact lenses, you might want to wear gloves when you work with these chiles. The chemical in pepper that makes it hot, called capsaicin, can stay on your fingers for a few hours and really hurt when you touch your face, especially around your eyes. To avoid extra pain, wear gloves and clean the knife, surfaces, and anything else the cut chiles touched before taking them out.
How does bird’s eye chilli taste like?
Bird's eye chiles are loved for their intense heat and fruity, peppery flavour. On the Scoville scale, these small peppers have between 50,000 and 100,000 Scoville units. That's 10 times as hot as a jalapeno but only half as hot as a habanero. The spice can sneak up on you because a mature red bird's eye chile's heat builds up as you eat the dish and stays with you for a long time after you're done.
How to store bird’s eye chilli?
Fresh peppers can be kept for up to two weeks in the crisper drawer of your refrigerator. Don't rinse them until you're ready to use them so you don't add moisture and speed up decay. Bird's-eye chiles can be kept for a long time by being pickled or dried. The peppers could be frozen, however, the walls of the small peppers are very thin, it's not a good idea.
When properly canned, dried chiles and pickled peppers can last up to a year at room temperature.
Health benefits of bird’s eye chilli:
- Aids Digestion
If you keep having trouble with your stomach, you might want to try bird's eye chilli. It helps digestion by making more enzymes and gastric acid.
So, bird's eye chilli helps the body digest food in this way. If you can't get gas out of your body, you can also use chilli powder, which triggers gastric peristaltic movements to help the body absorb and get rid of gas.
- Helps lose weight faster
People on a diet can add bird's eye chilli to their plan, but they should only eat a small amount. Bird's eye chilli not only helps with digestion, but it also helps with weight loss by burning fat cells.
- Treats diseases
Bird's eye chilli is good for your health in many ways. It kills fungi and treats infections, which can prevent more diseases caused by infections.
- Eases pain in joints
Capsaicin not only makes food taste hot, but it also helps heal and calm joint pain. Capsaicin works to stop seizures by making muscles less tense.
Chilies can tell if there are cancer cells in our bodies and get rid of them without hurting the healthy cells. Again, this is caused by capsaicin, and a moderate amount of use is also strongly recommended.
- Makes the heart work better and keeps it healthy
Heart attacks can be caused by high blood pressure, but they can also be stopped by taking bird's eye chilli. In the long run, bad cholesterol and triglycerides will be gone from the body, which will protect the health of the heart. By opening and widening the arteries that lead to the heart, it also lowers the risk of a heart attack.
- Helps fight stroke
Chili's ability to improve blood flow also makes it less likely that someone will have a stroke, which is caused by veins getting blocked and blood clotting in the brain.
- Increases appetite
The more endorphins that are made when you eat bird's eye chilli makes you feel more hungry and eat more. Capsaicin is also used to make the endorphins themselves.
- Maintains Immunity
The vitamin C in bird's eye chilli helps keep the body from getting sick. In the long run, immunity is guaranteed and the body is well protected from diseases.
- Reduces Fungi on Skin
Capsaicin also helps reduce and get rid of fungi on human skin and rashes in general, since the rash is caused by the fungi.
- Helps with headaches
Bird's-eye chilli helps send pain signals to different parts of the body. This tells the brain to focus on something else instead of the pain in the body. So, if you have a headache, which is also shown by mucus coming out of your nose, try eating something with chilli on it.
- Acts as an Anti-Inflammatory Agent
Because it has anti-inflammatory properties, it is also a great herbal treatment for diabetes, arthritis, psoriasis, and nerve damage caused by herpes.
- Helps get rid of toxins
Bird's eye chilli can help the body get rid of toxins by making it warm and sweat. You can even eat the chilli with honey and lemon juice in the morning to help your body get rid of toxins all over.
- Increase saliva levels
Bird's-eye chilli makes you salivate more, which also speeds up your metabolism. Saliva levels have been used as a way to measure the health of the digestive system and to keep the mouth healthy.
- Helps keep blood from clotting
Cardiac arrest, which can lead to a stroke, is caused not only by blocked arteries, but also by blood clots that make the blood flow in the body uneven. Atherosclerosis can be slowed down with the help of chilli powders.
- Helps in hair growth
The bird's-eye chilli helps get air moving on the scalp. When the flow of air slows down, hair can fall out until the head is bald.
- Stops the rise of blood pressure
Bird's-eye chilli can help keep the blood healthy, for example by getting rid of high blood pressure. Capsaicin makes sure that blood flows freely through the whole body, so that blood doesn't build up and block the heart's arteries.
- Gets Rid of High Fever
The plant can be used for more than just the chilli that is eaten. One of the health benefits is that it can bring down a fever. It works best when mixed with other herbs like lettuce oil and put on the whole body or just the forehead as usual.
- Heals Flu
The capsaicin in bird's eye chilli can also be used to treat the flu and other illnesses that make it hard to breathe through the nose. This is because capsaicin can loosen mucus so that it comes out easily and in a watery form.
- Keeps eyes healthy
The vitamin B2 in bird's eye chilli keeps your eyes healthy, lowers your risk of getting an eyesore, and makes your eyesight better. Bird's eye chilli is good for your eyes in the same way that carrots are, but don't eat too much chilli