Galega officinalis, or Goat's rue, is a herbaceous plant in the family of peas called Fabaceae. It is called Galega, Professor weed, and it comes from the temperate grasslands of the Middle East. It is now grown in Europe and Asia. Since the beginning of time, this plant has been valued for its powerful healing properties and has been used to treat a number of health problems. Goat's rue has been grown a lot as a green manure, a bee plant, a forage crop, a decorative plant, and as food for cattle.
Galega officinalis is a good source of galegine, which is a bioactive plant compound that helps lower blood sugar and can help control diabetes symptoms.
What is Galega officinalis?
Galega officinalis, also called galega or goat's-rue, is a herbaceous plant in the legume family Fabaceae. It is in the subfamily Faboideae, which is also called Faboideae. It is native to parts of northern Africa, western Asia, and Europe, but it is grown and spread all over the world. The plant has been grown a lot as a feed crop, an ornamental, a plant for bees, and as "green manure."
G. officinalis has a lot of galegine, a substance that lowers blood sugar. This led to the discovery of metformin, also called Italian fitch, which is used to treat diabetes mellitus symptoms.
Other names of Galega officinalis:
Galega officinalis is also called Common goat's, Milkpea, French Lilac, and Italian fitch, among other names.
Plant description of Galega officinalis:
Galega officinalis grows mostly in temperate areas, especially in Europe. It blooms in the summer and can be found near grasslands, wetlands, and riverbanks. It grows to a height of 1 to 1.5 m, and its stem is very smooth. It has compound leaves with 6 to 8 small leaflets that end in a lance shape. The flowers are in the shape of butterflies and are white, blue, or pink. The seed pods are long and split open when the seeds are ready. This spreads the seeds all over the plant, which smells bad when you touch it, which may be where the name "goat's rue" comes from.
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Galega officinalis’ usage:
The dried flowers and other parts of the plant that grow above the ground are used as medicine. From July to September, the flowers are picked and then dried and ground up to make tinctures, teas, or powders. Supplements of goat's rue come in the form of capsules and herbal tea.
Chemical composition of Galega officinalis:
The galegine, hydroxygalegine, kaempferol, guanidine, flavones, and quercetin found in the goat's rue plant are known to have powerful therapeutic effects.
Health benefits of Galega officinalis:
- Manages Diabetes
This ancient herb has been used for a long time to keep blood sugar from getting too high. The active ingredients in goat's rue, guanidine and galegine, help lower blood sugar. These parts of goat's rue are used to make Metformin, which is a powerful drug for treating high blood sugar. The bioactive parts of goat's rue help the body make more insulin, which helps control how much sugar is in the blood. Besides this, it helps glucose get into cells and tissues for energy and lowers the amount of glucose in the blood. Also, the alkaloids in goat's rue have a long-lasting effect on lowering blood sugar in diabetic patients.
- Helps lose weight
This powerful medicinal herb is a great anti-obesity drug that helps people lose weight. Several studies have shown that a strict diet and regular use of goat's rue extract helped people lose a lot of body fat. Guanidine, which is a drug that comes before metformin, has this effect. It works by making you feel less hungry and putting off your hunger pangs, which may help you eat less. This medicinal plant also stops fat from being stored and speeds up the burning of fat.
- Encourages milk production
Since Galega officinalis is a natural galactagogue, it is thought to have a lactogenic effect that makes more breast milk. The Galega officinalis plant has phytoestrogens that act like oestrogen. These phytoestrogens bind to oestrogen receptors and make more prolactin, which is the main hormone that makes lactating women make breast milk.
- Prevents cancer
. The plant's leaves are full of phytoestrogens. These phytoestrogens work like oestrogen and protect against breast cancer by killing cancerous cells and stopping them from spreading to healthy cells. Galega officinalis is also good at stopping tumour cells from growing and multiplying, as well as stopping them from forming.
- Keeps blood pressure in check
The anti-hypertensive effects of this herbal medicine are bringing down high blood pressure. When this extract is taken regularly, it relaxes the arteries and blood vessels, which makes the blood flow better all over the body. So, this old recipe helps control high blood pressure by loosening up the blood vessels. This lowers blood pressure and relieves the symptoms of hypertension.